Bipolar type 1 and 2

An Overview of Bipolar Disorder

bipolar type 1 and 2

Bipolar 1 disorder and bipolar 2 disorder cause your feelings to hit unusual highs and lows. These emotional peaks and valleys can last for weeks or months.

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Most people have emotional ups and downs from time to time. But if you have a brain condition called bipolar disorder , your feelings can reach abnormally high or low levels. Sometimes you may feel immensely excited or energetic. Other times, you may find yourself sinking into a deep depression. Some of these emotional peaks and valleys can last for weeks or months. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder :.

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes. People with bipolar disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotion, changes in sleep patterns and activity levels, and unusual behaviors. Extreme changes in energy, activity, and sleep go along with mood episodes. Sometimes a mood episode includes symptoms of both manic and depressive symptoms.

Many people think of rapid mood changes when they think of Bipolar Disorder. Only a doctor or mental health professional can provide a diagnosis for a mood disorder, and it may take years of observation to get an accurate diagnosis. Bipolar I disorder requires symptoms to meet the full criteria for what is known as a manic episode. You do not have to experience depression to be diagnosed with Bipolar I, but many people with the diagnosis experience both kinds of mood episodes. Mania is much more extreme than a sudden burst in energy or motivation or a happy mood. It often results in problems in work, school, and relationships, and it some cases it may require hospitalization. To qualify for a diagnosis of Bipolar II Disorder, a person has to have experienced a depressive episode and a less severe form of mania which is known as hypomania.

Bipolar II disorder is a bipolar spectrum disorder see also: Bipolar I disorder characterized by at least one episode of hypomania and at least one episode of major depression. Hypomania is a sustained state of elevated or irritable mood that is less severe than mania and does not significantly impact quality of life. Unlike mania, hypomania is not associated with psychosis. Types I and II present equally severe burdens. Bipolar II is notoriously difficult to diagnose. Patients usually seek help when they are in a depressed state, or when their hypomanic symptoms manifest themselves in unwanted effects, such as high levels of anxiety , or the seeming inability to focus on tasks.

On first impression bipolar disorder is easy to understand. But, when we look further into the disorder, or we hear people talk about their experiences, it starts to get a little more complex, and the terms bipolar I and bipolar II emerge. For most people diagnosed with bipolar disorder depressive symptoms are also present prior to the emergence of their highs mania or hypomania. These lows may not always be obvious and the person may not deem them severe enough to seek help. Symptoms may also affect people's insight and understanding in different ways and at different times. Where bipolar I and II differ is the length and intensity of the high and the presence of major depression. Bipolar I requires one experience of mania, but does not require an episode of major depression however many people do experience symptoms of depression.



Bipolar II disorder

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