Difference in republic and democracy

Republic vs. Democracy: What Is the Difference?

difference in republic and democracy

Is America Really A Democracy?

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Following my recent column about racial tensions in America I got an email from Gary L. Hoe, of Albuquerque, which made me re-think what our founding fathers had in mind when they established this country. Hoe reminded me of a quote from Benjamin Franklin, attributed to the statesman as he left the secret confab which hammered out the U. Asked by a woman what kind of government had been decided upon -- a republic or a monarchy -- Franklin replied, "A republic, Madam, if you can keep it. Somewhere in the years since then many Americans have adopted the idea that we are a democracy not a republic.

Is democracy the most appropriate name for a large-scale representative system such as that of the early United States? As noted above, even after Roman citizenship was expanded beyond the city itself and increasing numbers of citizens were prevented from participating in government by the time, expense, and hardship of travel to the city, the complex Roman system of assemblies was never replaced by a government of representatives—a parliament—elected by all Roman citizens. Venetians also called the government of their famous city a republic, though it was certainly not democratic. When the members of the United States Constitutional Convention met in , terminology was still unsettled. Had the framers of the United States Constitution met two generations later, when their understanding of the constitution of Britain would have been radically different, they might have concluded that the British system required only an expansion of the electorate to realize its full democratic potential. Thus, they might well have adopted a parliamentary form of government.

The main difference between a democracy and a republic is the extent to which the people control the process of making laws.
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A republic Latin : res publica is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are not inherited, but are attained through democracy, oligarchy or autocracy. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a hereditary monarch. As of [update] , of the world's sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names — not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor is the word "republic" used in the names of all nations with elected governments. The word republic comes from the Latin term res publica , which literally means "public thing," "public matter," or "public affair" and was used to refer to the state as a whole. The term developed its modern meaning in reference to the constitution of the ancient Roman Republic , lasting from the overthrow of the kings in B. This constitution was characterized by a Senate composed of wealthy aristocrats and wielding significant influence; several popular assemblies of all free citizens, possessing the power to elect magistrates and pass laws; and a series of magistracies with varying types of civil and political authority.

In both a republic and a democracy , citizens are empowered to participate in a representational political system. In a republic, an official set of fundamental laws, like the U. In a pure democracy, the voting majority has almost limitless power over the minority. The United States, like most modern nations, is neither a pure republic nor a pure democracy. The main difference between a democracy and a republic is the extent to which the people control the process of making laws under each form of government. A voting majority has almost unlimited power to make laws.

The key difference between a democracy and a republic lies in the limits placed on government by the law, which has implications for minority rights. Both forms of government tend to use a representational system — i. In a republic, a constitution or charter of rights protects certain inalienable rights that cannot be taken away by the government, even if it has been elected by a majority of voters. In a "pure democracy," the majority is not restrained in this way and can impose its will on the minority. Most modern nations—including the United States—are democratic republics with a constitution, which can be amended by a popularly elected government.



Democracy vs. Republic

Republic vs Democracy What Is The Real Form of the U S Government

A Republic or a Democracy -- Let's Get This Straight

A democratic republic is a form of government operating on principles adopted from a republic and a democracy. Rather than being a cross between two entirely separate systems, democratic republics may function on principles shared by both republics and democracies. Common definitions of the terms democracy and republic often feature overlapping concerns, suggesting that many democracies function as republics, and many republics operate on democratic principles, as shown by these definitions from the Oxford English Dictionary :. Eugene Volokh of the UCLA School of Law notes that the United States exemplifies the varied nature of a constitutional republic—a country where some decisions often local are made by direct democratic processes, while others often federal are made by democratically elected representatives. It also employs the concept, for instance, of a constitutional democracy in which a court system is involved in matters of jurisprudence. As with other democracies, not all persons in a democratic republic are necessarily citizens, and not all citizens are necessarily entitled to vote. In the US, the notion that a republic was a form of democracy was common from the time of its founding, and the concepts associated with representative democracy and hence with a democratic republic are suggested by John Adams writing in :.

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Knowing the differences between a republic vs a democracy is important for tons of AP exams, including both history tests (U.S. and world) and.
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