Is social security going broke

What Happens When Social Security Goes Broke?

is social security going broke

NRA, normal retirement age. OASDI, Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance . OASI, Old-Age and Survivors Insurance. PAYGO, pay as you go.

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The Social Security Trustees report is out. That means we know how Social Security performed financially in , and we also have the latest projections about the financial future of the program. At first glance, the numbers might look good. At the same time, we also learned that Social Security will be completely out of money within 16 years. Since this may seem like a massive contradiction, here's a rundown of how Social Security's financial condition looks now and what is expected to go wrong over the next decade and a half. On the surface, Social Security's financial situation looks solid. This consisted of:.

You are now logged in. Forgot your password? Social Security will be insolvent and unable to pay the full value of promised benefits by —that's one full year later than previously expected —and Social Security's costs will exceed its income by , according to a new report published Monday by the program's trustees. At the end of , Social Security was providing income to about 67 million Americans. About 47 million of them were over age 65, and the majority of the rest were disabled. If nothing changes, the Social Security Trust Fund will be fully depleted by and the program would impose across-the-board cuts of 20 percent to all beneficiaries. That may sound like it's a long way off, but year-old workers today will be just hitting retirement age when the cuts kick in.

Americans fear that Social Security won't be around or at least won't be as generous in the future. As the ratio of workers to retirees narrows -- from between 3. But I digress. If Social Security continues in its current arc and the trustees' predictions are accurate, when the combined OASDI funds run out of money in , Social Security will have to immediately reduce the benefits it pays out. That's a hefty cut to their retirement livelihood -- at a time when it can be difficult to make up the deficit. And given how expensive healthcare is in retirement , it's not as if they necessarily have a lot of wiggle room. To ensure 75 years of solvency going forward, the trustees recommend either immediately increasing taxes or reducing benefits or both.

Baby boomers are that huge demographic that came of age in the s and s. Born between and , this vast cohort began to reach age 62 in By , the youngest boomers will have passed the Social Security full retirement age of 67 for people born in or later , at which point there will be 75 million people over the age of 65—nearly twice the 39 million who were 65 in It's not just the size of this generation that's a concern; it's their life expectancy. In when Social Security started, people who reached 65 could expect to live an additional

John Larson, D-Conn. Therein lies the conundrum facing lawmakers and presidential candidates when it comes to Social Security, which last year paid out retirement and disability benefits to some 63 million Americans. According to the Census Bureau, by all of the baby boom generation of Americans will have reached retirement age. One out of every five U. Waiting to act until would require a 29 percent payroll tax increase, 23 percent cut to all benefits for current and future beneficiaries, or a mix of options.

Social Security Will Be Insolvent in 16 Years

When will Medicare, Social Security trust funds run dry?

The Future Financial Status of the Social Security Program

But how likely is it that our politicians would actually let this come to pass? To be sure, predicting what will come out of Congress in the next few months is an inexact science at best, much less the next 15 years. In my interview with him, Landis started by reviewing the amendments to Social Security that were enacted in , which is the last time that changes were enacted. With those changes, the Social Security system immediately began to run a sizable yearly surplus. The projection at that time was that the changes would postpone when Social Security would run out of money until the mids. What lessons can we learn from this experience? The other lesson, according to Landis: Changes, when they eventually do get enacted, are likely to be incremental rather than drastic.

America is getting older. The elderly are living longer. As a result of all this, 18 million baby-boomers are poised to live out their golden years on the brink of bankruptcy. And that is assuming that entitlement benefits are maintained at their current levels. According to government projections, Social Security will take in less revenue next year than it will pay out for the first time since There is a real crisis here, and it demands a policy response. Cuts, he said, will be unpalatable but inevitable.

Social Security could go broke by 2035, but lawmakers have new ideas to fix it

The concepts of solvency, sustainability, and budget impact are common in discussions of Social Security, but are not well understood. This increase in cost results from population aging, not because we are living longer, but because birth rates dropped from three to two children per woman. Importantly, this shortfall is basically stable after ; adjustments to taxes or benefits that offset the effects of the lower birth rate may restore solvency for the Social Security program on a sustainable basis for the foreseeable future. Finally, as Treasury debt securities trust fund assets are redeemed in the future, they will just be replaced with public debt. If trust fund assets are exhausted without reform, benefits will necessarily be lowered with no effect on budget deficits. Acknowledgments : This article is possible only as a result of the consistent efforts of the Social Security Board of Trustees and their staffs in producing a highly professional and informative report each year. Particular appreciation is extended to Karen Glenn of the Office of the Chief Actuary for her invaluable review and editing of the article.

On Aug. President Franklin D. You and your employer each pay 6. If you are self-employed, you pay the entire The money that you pay through taxes is not the same money that you will receive later in life. Americans are having fewer children and living longer, both of which contribute to an aging population. These trends result in declining worker-to-beneficiary ratios: As we move forward, there will be fewer people putting money into the Social Security system and more people taking money out.

One of the ugliest tropes in American politics is to say "Social Security is going broke. It can be fixed and only politics blocks a reasonable remedy. But that didn't stop dozens of Fox News outlets from proclaiming otherwise. They got their facts wrong and wanted to scare people without providing context. Fox anchors read this statement: "The Social Security Board of Trustees said [in] its annual report that will make the first time in more than 40 years that Social Security pays out more in benefits than it takes in. Two parts of this report are false.


  1. Simone L. says:

  2. Idumeo A. says:

    As most retirees and soon-to-retirees already know, Social Security is slated to run out of money in and, unless changes are made.

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