How to do a head to toe assessment

Head-to-Toe Assessment Nursing

how to do a head to toe assessment

A comprehensive head-to-toe assessment is done on patient admission, at the beginning of each shift, and when it is Checklist 17 outlines the steps to take.


This is a complete guide that will take you through each step of a head-to-toe assessment. It is very easy simple, easy to follow, and effective. It will answer virtually any questions you could ever have about head-to-toe assessments! This is part 3 of a 5 part series covering health assessment. Part 1 is a step-by-step guide of a health history. Part 2 is an overview of a physical assessment. Part 3 is everything you need to know about vital signs.

Begin your assessment of the skin by looking at the general color or pigmentation of the patient. Darker-skinned people may have areas of lighter pigmentation. Assess for freckles and birthmarks and use the ABCDE framework to determine abnormality of these markers. Darker-skinned people may be more complicated to find these skin changes in them. The best place to look for these would be nail beds and lips. Palpate the skin and assess the temperature.

A head-to-toe assessment is a staple in the nursing profession. So what are the most effective methods to prepare nursing students for administering health assessments? Here are five tips for teaching the head-to-toe assessment. Want to better prepare your nursing students? Download our head-to-toe assessment checklist. It always helps to situate knowledge, assignments, and tasks within a clinical perspective.

NCBI Bookshelf. Tammy J. Toney-Butler ; Wendy J. The initial nursing assessment, the first step in the five steps of the nursing process, involves the systematic and continuous collection of data; sorting, analyzing, and organizing that data; and the documentation and communication of the data collected. This concept of precision education to tailor care based on an individual's unique cultural, spiritual, and physical needs, rather than a trial by error, one size fits all approach results in a more favorable outcome.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Published on Jun 17,

Any unusual findings should be followed up with a focused assessment specific to the affected body system. Checklist 17 outlines the steps to take. Unilateral edema may indicate a local or peripheral cause, whereas bilateral-pitting edema usually indicates cardiac or kidney failure. Head and neck:. Slow pupillary reaction to light or unequal reactions bilaterally may indicate neurological impairment. Facial asymmetry may indicate neurological impairment or injury. The presence of crackles or wheezing must be further assessed, documented, and reported.

Techniques of Physical Assessment: NCLEX-RN

5 Tips for Teaching the Head-to-Toe Assessment

Forgot your password? Or sign in with one of these services. I would really love some advice on how to do a smooth, organized head to toe assessment on a pt. We had just went over it on lecture 2 days before clinical and lab 1 day before, and then were expected to do it on clinical day. I am completely new to nursing. Never had experience in a hospital and not good with new situations or being outgoing, so I get anxiety about doing everything right. I felt kind of stuck, not knowing what I should do next, etc.

In this section of the NCLEX-RN examination, you will be expected to demonstrate your knowledge and skills of techniques of physical assessment in order to:. Baseline data that is collected after the health history and before the complete head to toe examination includes a general survey of the client. The general survey includes the patient's weight, height, body build, posture, gait, obvious signs of distress, level of hygiene and grooming, skin integrity, vital signs, oxygen saturation, and the patient's actual age compared and contrasted to the age that the patient actually appears like. For example, does the patient appear to be older than their actual age? Does the patient appear to be younger than their actual age? Nurses prepare and position clients for physical examinations. Nurses provide privacy, explain and reinforce the procedures to the client and insure that the client is as comfortable as possible during the physical examination.

How to Take a Blood Pressure Manually

2.5 Head-to-Toe Assessment

This article will explain how to conduct a nursing head-to-toe health assessment. This assessment is similar to what you will be required to perform in nursing school. As you gain experience, you will conduct the assessment in a way that works for you and will become faster overtime. Also depending on what specialty you are working in, you will tweak what areas you will focus on during the assessment. However, with the abdomen it is changed where auscultation is performed second instead of last.






  1. Evangelino R. says:

    The Best Resource for Nursing Students!

  2. Jewel B. says:

    Head to Toe Nursing Assessment (Physical Exam) - NRSNG Academy

  3. Aubrette R. says:

    Does earth have a flag you re welcome from moana

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *