Which nation controlled the most land in africa

Scramble for Africa

which nation controlled the most land in africa

It was one of the largest and most diversely-held empires in history. Answer and Explanation: The British Empire controlled the most land in Africa. With the.

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The Scramble for Africa , also called the Partition of Africa or the Conquest of Africa , was the occupation, division, and colonisation of African territory by European powers during the period of time known to historians as the New Imperialism between and In , only 10 percent of Africa was under formal European control; by it had increased to almost 90 percent of the continent, with only Ethiopia Abyssinia , the Dervish state a portion of present-day Somalia [1] and Liberia still being independent. There were multiple motivations for European colonizers, including desire for valuable resources available throughout the continent, the quest for national prestige, tensions between pairs of European powers, religious missionary zeal and internal African native politics. The Berlin Conference of , which regulated European colonisation and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the ultimate point of the Scramble for Africa. By , European powers had established small trading posts along the coast, but they seldom moved inland.

Please note: This topic's content was written in and is part of the old curriculum content, we have modified it slightly to fit the new curriculum but we will be further updating the content in the coming months. Many countries in the world experienced imperialism when they were taken over and ruled by a more powerful country. The main motive for imperialism was to obtain and control a supply of raw materials for industries. This meant that a weaker country with abundant natural resources would be colonised. Imperialists were often brutal in the way they treated the indigenous population. Sometimes they chose a less aggressive approach, obtaining the co-operation of the local people and working with their traditional rulers and social and political structures and practices.

The Berlin Conference can be best understood as the formalisation of the Scramble for Africa. This British coined the term sometime in , and it has since been used to describe the twenty-plus years when the various European powers explored, divided, conquered and began to exploit virtually the entire African continent.
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This conference was called by German Chancellor Bismarck to settle how European countries would claim colonial land in Africa and to avoid a war among European nations over African territory. All the major European States were invited to the conference. Germany, France , Great Britain , Netherlands , Belgium , Portugal , and Spain were all considered to have a future role in the imperial partition of Africa. The United States was invited because of its interest in Liberia but did not attend because it had no desire to build a colonial empire in Africa. Also invited were Austria — Hungary , Sweden — Norway , Denmark , Italy , Turkey , and Russia who all were considered minor players in the quest for colonizing Africa, though Italy would claim some colonial possessions in Northeast Africa.

By the turn of the 20th Century, Africa had been invaded, occupied, and colonized by several European nations. This wonderful map by redditor whiplashoo21 shows how the Scramble for Africa divided the Dark Continent. European powers were slow to realize the benefits of grabbing African territories, but once the mad rush to claim land started in , the continent was quickly — and at times brutally — overrun. This would prove to be a significant disadvantage for Germany during the war as it could not compete with the Allies for both material and human resources e. Over the course of the 20th century, Africa went through its decolonization phase.

Between the s and , Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution. The imperatives of capitalist industrialization—including the demand for assured sources of raw materials, the search for guaranteed markets and profitable investment outlets—spurred the European scramble and the partition and eventual conquest of Africa. Thus the primary motivation for European intrusion was economic.



The Colonization of Africa

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The Partition of Africa

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  3. AarĂłn A. says:

    Which nation controlled the most land in Africa? Britain. Compare the Africa map to the physical map of Africa in your textbook. Which nations do you think.

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