Squamous cell carcinoma cat mouth

Feline Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Clinical Manifestations and Literature Review.

squamous cell carcinoma cat mouth

Cat with Squamous Cell Carcinoma - Alexa

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This disease is highly treatable if detected early but lethal if it goes unnoticed. That's why a prompt diagnosis is crucial. This is not merely a show of affection. If the skin eruptions go unnoticed, however, the cancer can progress, spread to other parts of the body, and ultimately prove fatal. The chief functions of these unique cells range from the protection of underlying tissue to the facilitation of nutrient exchange. And among skin cancers, SCC ranks fourth after basal cell tumors, mast cell cancer and fibrosarcoma. Vulnerable Areas SCC can be precipitated by a variety of influences physical trauma, for example, or serious burns that damage these superficial cells.

The University of Illinois is one of four research institutions that received a Morris Animal Foundation feline research grant in The Illinois project, led by Drs. Timothy Fan and Alycen Lundberg and co-investigator Prof. Paul Hergenrother, examines a new treatment approach for feline oral squamous cell carcinoma, the most common mouth cancer in cats and one that currently has very limited treatment options. She is also pursuing a PhD in the Department of Pathobiology. Feline oral squamous cell carcinoma is often seen in older cats.

Squamous cell carcinoma SCC is the most common oral malignancy in the cat, arising from either the jaw bones or the tongue. Squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive cancer in the cat and is often not diagnosed until the tumor is advanced. Loose teeth can also be a symptom of oral cancer in the cat. A tissue biopsy is necessary to definitively diagnosis SCC. X-rays of the jaw are helpful in determining the presence of bone destruction, but often underestimate the extent of involvement. Oral SCC is a very aggressive cancer in the cat.

Squamous cell carcinoma SCC is the most commonly encountered malignant oral tumor in cats. The etiology of this locally invasive tumor is likely multifactorial.
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Squamous cell carcinoma SCC is the most common oral tumor in cats and typically affects middle-aged to older cats. Factors that may increase the risk of oral SCC include flea collars, high volumes of canned food, and household smoke exposure; however, there is no one factor that is known to cause SCC. Unfortunately, oral SCC is an aggressive locally invasive tumor that is difficult to control; it appears to have a low rate of spread to other sites metastasis but this may be simply due to the short survival times following diagnosis. SCC often invades bone and thus can be associated with significant discomfort. Most cats see their veterinarian following identification of a mass or swelling by the owner, but other symptoms can include loose teeth, pain associated with the face or chewing, excessive drooling and often blood-tinged drool, lack of grooming, decreased appetite and weight loss.

Back to Fact Sheets. Download PDF. Oral squamous cell carcinoma is a nasty disease in cats. Frequently, these tumours are not identified until the lesion has progressed significantly with associated oral pain and halitosis due to bacterial infection. Oral squamous cell carcinoma is a cancer that arises from the cells that produce the lining of the mouth and throat including the gums, tongue, cheeks and tonsils. This cancer has an ability to grow invasively into the surrounding tissues and the visible part of the tumour is all too often just the proverbial tip of the iceberg. The average age for diagnosis of this disease is years, although it has been described in cats from years old.

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