What was the pueblo revolt
The Pueblo Revolt: APUSH Topics to Study for Test Day
The Pueblo Revoltwhat how does watch frankie laine riders in the sky
Spaniards had dominated them, their lives, their land, and their souls for eight decades. Now, rising virtually as one, the Pueblos drove out Spanish soldiers and authorities. The rebels allowed many Spaniards to flee, but twenty-one Franciscan priests died at their hands, and they sacked mission churches across their land. It took twelve years for Spanish troops to reconquer Pueblo country. They never did conquer the Hopi, who had been the westernmost contributors to the rebellion. Three hundred and thirty years later, Pueblo people still live in ancient villages across the Southwest, in many ways on their own terms.
Pueblo Rebellion , , carefully organized revolt of Pueblo Indians in league with Apaches , who succeeded in overthrowing Spanish rule in New Mexico for 12 years. Catholicism was forced on them by missionaries who burned their ceremonial pits kiva s , masks, and other sacred objects. Indians were tried in Spanish courts and received severe punishments—hanging, whipping, dismemberment of hands or feet , or condemnation to slavery. From on there were several abortive revolts, after each of which medicine men were especially singled out for reprisals. On August 21 the Spaniards were forced to flee, leaving dead, including 21 priests. The Indians celebrated their victory by washing off the stains of Christian baptism, annulling Christian marriages, and destroying churches.
Indians who had lived and worshiped independently for centuries were forced to abandon their religions, adopt Christianity, and pay tribute to Spanish rulers. Their traditional centers of worship kivas were destroyed along with the sacramental objects kachina s with which their ceremonies and devotions had always been performed. Resistance to Spanish rule was met with imprisonment, torture, and amputations. After three generations of oppression, in the spring of , the Pueblo Indians rose up to overthrow the Spanish. A religious leader from Taos Pueblo named Pope sometimes found as Popay secretly organized a widespread rebellion to occur throughout the region on a single day. Planning took shape silently during the summer of in more than 70 communities, from Santa Fe and Taos in the Rio Grande valley to the Hopi pueblos nearly miles west.
For more than years beginning in , the Pueblo Indians of present-day New Mexico were subjected to successive waves of soldiers, missionaries, and settlers. These encounters, referred to as the Entradas, were characterized by violent confrontations between Spanish colonists and Pueblo peoples. There were at the time approximately 40, Pueblo Indians inhabiting the region. The Acoma Massacre would instill fear of the Spanish in the region for years to come, though Franciscan missionaries were assigned to several of the Pueblo towns to Christianize the natives. Spanish colonial policies in the s regarding the humane treatment of Indians were difficult to enforce on the northern frontier. With the establishment of the first permanent colonial settlement in , the Pueblos were forced to provide tribute to the colonists in the form of labor, ground corn and textiles.
In the late 17th century, Native American groups living under Spanish rule in what is now New Mexico rebelled against colonial authorities and pushed them out of their territory. In many ways, however, the events that led up to the revolt reveal a more complex relationship between Spanish and Native American than traditional histories tell. Stories of cruelty and domination are interspersed with adaptation and mutual respect, until a prolonged famine changed the balance of power. Download audio right click to save. So, Michelle, if you could just start by giving us a sense of the main outline of colonial relations in New Mexico.